Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Breast tumors can be separated into two principle general categories: the carcinomas and the sarcomas. Carcinomas are growths that emerge from the epithelial part of the breast. The epithelial segment comprises of the cells that line the lobules and terminal pipes; under ordinary conditions, these epithelial cells are in charge of making milk. Mostly Carcinomas contain all breast diseases. Sarcomas are uncommon growths that emerge from the stromal (connective tissue) parts of the breast. These stromal segment cells incorporate myofibroblasts and vein cells, and malignancies emerging from these "strong" cells incorporate phyllodes tumors and angiosarcoma.

Breast pathology is an abruptly creating control having important role in diagnosing breast infections and in giving prognostic and predictive parameters that guide treatment conclusion.

Breast pathology takes care & watchful eyes on patients who are suffering from breast diseases; an exact, for further assessment and administration of the patient.

  • Track 1-1Body weight and breast cancer risk
  • Track 1-2Breastfeeding and breast cancer risk
  • Track 1-3Blood estrogen levels and breast cancer risk
  • Track 1-4Menopausal hormone therapy and breast cancer risk
  • Track 1-5Birth control pills and breast cancer risk
  • Track 1-6Hyperplasia and breast cancer risk
  • Track 1-7Abortion and breast cancer risk
  • Track 1-8Electromagnetic fields and breast cancer risk
  • Track 1-9Screening mammography for women
  • Track 1-10Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for invasive breast cancer
  • Track 1-11Sclerosing adenosis
  • Track 1-12Neoplastic diseases
  • Track 1-13Metaplastic carcinoma
  • Track 1-14Breast cancer
  • Track 1-15Benign diseases
  • Track 1-16Lymph node metastasis
  • Track 1-17Molecular biomarkers
  • Track 1-18Fixation and Embedding

Diagnosis of disease based on the microscopic, gross, immunologic, chemical, and molecular examination of tissues, organs, and whole bodies is Anatomical pathology. It is a medical specialty. Different categories of Anatomical pathology are Cytopathology, Surgical pathology and Forensic Pathology. The two main practice of Pathology are Anatomical pathology & Clinical pathology. The term general pathology is the combination of both anatomical & clinical pathology which are practiced by Pathologists.

It is a part of pathology that focuses on determining the cause of death by examining a cadaver. Medical examiners perform post mortem for investigating the cases of criminal and civil law cases. medical examiners and Coroners are asked to confirm the identity of cadaver. A forensic pathologist is a medical doctor who is specialized in forensic pathology.and complete d his training in anatomical pathology.

The term Autopsy pathology is a post-mortem that completely inspects a body after death to help decide the reason for death. During Autopsy procedure specimens can be obtained. During the examination macroscopic and measurements are obtained and thus noted.
Tissue or fluid smaller sections are segregated and implanted for cutting procedures to occur so that the examination process cane be examined successfully.

  • Track 2-1Cytogenetics
  • Track 2-2Examination of suspensions of cells exfoliated from tissue surfaces
  • Track 2-3Molecular examination of organs
  • Track 2-4Surgical pathology
  • Track 2-5Immunologic examination
  • Track 2-6Biochemical examination
  • Track 2-7Flow immunophenotyping
  • Track 2-8Veterinary pathology
  • Track 2-9In situ hybridization
  • Track 2-10Macroscopic & Microscopic examination
  • Track 2-11Gross examination

Clinical pathology is concerned with the diagnosis based on the laboratory analysis of bodily fluids such as urine & blood, as well as tissues using the chemistry process, hematopathology, clinical microbiology and molecular pathology, Clinical pathologists work in close cooperation with hospital administrations, referring physicians.
Clinical pathologists figure out how to regulate various visual and minute tests and a particularly huge assortment of trial of the biophysical properties of tissue samples involving automated analyzers and cultures. Clinical pathology, including medical doctors and Doctor of Pharmacology sometimes refer to "laboratory medicine specialist"
The study of an organism's immune response to infection is immunopathology and it is sometimes considered to fall within the domain of clinical pathology.

Pathologists dealing with Clinical field are healthcare providers who direct all the divisions of the lab. It includes clinical chemistry, blood bank, hematology, serology, microbiology, immunology & toxicology. Clinical Pathology is concerned with the diagnosis, treatment & prevention of diseases. It covers a wide range of laboratory functions.It involves maintenance of information systems, and quality control, research.

Chemical Pathologists are the qualified doctors, pathologists who combine clinical skills and practical laboratory. They have a detailed knowledge of biochemical processes and changes occur in diseases. It is the sub-specialty within pathology which involves bodily fluids (urine, blood, serum, plasma; cerebrospinal fluid; other fluids such as sweat, seminal fluid, amniotic fluid) to diagnose various diseases process.

  • Track 3-1Immunoassay
  • Track 3-2Clincal immunology
  • Track 3-3Cytochemical stains
  • Track 3-4Serology
  • Track 3-5Cytogenetics

Oral and maxillofacial pathology is the dental specialty concerned about the nature, clinical and microscopic diagnosis, management and fundamentally non-surgical treatment of oral disorders. Oral pathologists conduct examinations of tissues taken from the mouth. These exams can recognize the source of a lesion or illness, decide its visualization and treatment.

Oral pathologists’ study and research the causes, procedures and impacts of diseases that begin in the mouth or jaw. Oral pathologists for the most part do not provide direct patient consideration. Similarly, they analyze cases, utilizing clinical, radiographic, infinitesimal, biochemical or different examinations, and do biopsies in consultation to dental practitioners and different doctors giving patient consideration.

  • Track 4-1Atrophy
  • Track 4-2Nephrolithiasis
  • Track 4-3Stem cell research
  • Track 4-4Caseous necrosis
  • Track 4-5Hemodynamics
  • Track 4-6Pyknosis
  • Track 4-7Hemorheology

Gynecologic pathology is the medical pathology sub specialty which deals with the study & diagnosis of the female genital tract. A doctor who practices gynecologic pathology is a gynecologic pathologist.

Specimens includes vulva, cervix, statistic nodal disease, uterus, vagina, fallopian tubes and ovaries. This administration is offered for practicing pathologists desire to handle difficult cases, and also for gynecologists and patients needing a second supposition.

The Reproductive Pathology is the study of reproductive system of the body. Ovarian & testicular pathology focuses on neoplasm. The testicular tumors are gotten from germ cells and ovarian tumors are gotten from epithelial cells. In penis and the cervix, the squamous carcinoma is caused by HPV. There are three pathologic process kind prostatic hyperplasia, prostatic adenocarcinoma. & intense prostatitis.

Uropathology is the investigation of pathology which manages the Urinary tract or urinary framework. It is likewise termed as Urology. Different organs like Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra are associated with the production and discharge of urine. The kidneys work by delivering urine to wipe out the fluid waste from the body. Kidney stones can be formed due to the imbalance elimination of acid salts and minerals in the urine.

  • Track 5-1Testicular pathology
  • Track 5-2Benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Track 5-3Placenta
  • Track 5-4Ovarian pathology
  • Track 5-5Female genital tract
  • Track 5-6Squamous carcinoma
  • Track 5-7Prostatic adenocarcinoma
  • Track 5-8Prostatitis
  • Track 5-9Testicular tumors
  • Track 5-10Sexual reproduction

A case report is a definite report of the indications, signs, analysis, treatment, and follow-up of an individual patient. Case reports may contain a statistic profile of the patient, but usually describe an unusual or novel occurrence. Some case reports contain a writing survey of other cases.

Pathology significantly manages cause, system of improvement, structural alterations of cells or tissue, and the related results of changes of an ongoing disease. Clinical and experimental studies on pathological field depicts the fundamental sub-atomic components associated with diseases, which reach to the worldwide per user as Pathology case reports, which is having importance in the field of Medicine.

  • Track 6-1Pathogenesis of a disease
  • Track 6-2Unusual presentations of a disease
  • Track 6-3Variations in disease processes
  • Track 6-4Unexpected association between diseases or symptoms
  • Track 6-5Diagnnostic pathology

Veterinary pathology is the science that surveys disease in animals. The hugeness of Veterinary pathology is:
Diagnosing diseases in animals, and regular life. Veterinary pathologists assess tissues and body fluids to examine contamination and envision results.
Diagnosing ailment in sustenance making animals. Veterinary pathologists keep up growth prosperity and develop if there is a danger to individuals who handle or eat up after effects of sustenance animals.
Adding to medication disclosure and security. Veterinary pathologists fill in as key people from pharmaceutical inventive work groups.

Veterinary pathologists ponder diseases of different species and are in this way especially fit the bill to perform studies to impel our understanding of the purpose behind sickness in animals and individuals and what's more investigations to develop new systems to prevent and treat illnesses.

  • Track 7-1Laboratory analysis of bodily fluids
  • Track 7-2Molecular pathology
  • Track 7-3Gross pathology
  • Track 7-4Urine or Cavitary effusions
  • Track 7-5Molecular examination of organs, tissues

Hematopathology is the investigation of illnesses and clutters influencing blood cells, their production, and any organs and tissues engaged with hematopoiesis, for example, bone marrow, the spleen, and the thymus. Diagnosis and treatment of illnesses, for example, leukemia and lymphoma frequently manage hematopathology; methods and advances incorporate stream cytometry studies and immunohistochemistry.
The interpretive reports incorporate the combination of tissue morphology and ancillary testing, for example, molecular diagnostic testing, flow cytometric analysis and cytogenetic results. Our hematopathologists ordinarily audit more than 4,900 tissue cases and more than 2,000 fluid and peripheral smears yearly. The interpretive reports include the integration of tissue morphology and ancillary testing such as analysis of flow cytometric, testing of molecular diagnostic and cytogenetic results. Our hematopathologists typically review over 4,900 tissue cases and over 2,000 fluid and peripheral smears yearly.

Hematopathology additionally called as hemopathology; it is the part of pathology which manages the sicknesses of hematopoietic cells. The investigation includes Normal Hematopoiesis, Red Cell Disorders, White Cell Disorders. It helps in the treatment of the infection that influences the generation of blood and its parts. Hematologists work on oncology with oncologists in the treatment of tumor. There are different disorders influenced by hematology i.e. general blood clots, hemophilia, anemia, bleeding disorders etc

  • Track 8-1Flow cytometry
  • Track 8-2Leukemia
  • Track 8-3Infilteration of cells
  • Track 8-4Hematopoiesis
  • Track 8-5Lymphoma

Cytopathology is a part of pathology that reviews and diagnose sicknesses on the cellular level. It is normally used to help in the diagnosis of cancer, yet additionally helps in the diagnosis of certain infectious diseases and other inflammatory conditions and additionally thyroid lesions, diseases including sterile body cavities (pleural, cerebrospinal & peritoneal), and an extensive variety of other body sites.

Samples of free cells, cytopathologic tests & tissue fragments are used for cytopathology. Cytopathologic tests are some of the times called smear tests because the samples might be smeared over a slide for staining & microscopic examination. However, cytology tests might be set up in different ways, including cytocentrifugation.

  • Track 9-1Gynecologic cytopathology
  • Track 9-2Analytic cytopathology
  • Track 9-3Fine-needle aspiration
  • Track 9-4Molecular diagnostics
  • Track 9-5Immunocytochemistry

The study of diseases in nervous system tissues is Neuropathology. It is a sub specialty of anatomic pathology, neurosurgery and nervous system science.

Neuropathology is the investigation of ailment of sensory framework tissue, as a rule as either careful biopsies or whole-body analyzations. In numerous countries, neuropathology is considered a subfield of anatomical pathology. A doctor who spends significant time in neuropathology, usually after the completion of an anatomical or general pathology is known as a neuropathologist. It ought not be mixed up for neuropathy, which suggests clutters of the nerves themselves.

In clinical practice, a neuropathologist is an expert for different doctors. In the nervous system if the diseases are suspected the analysis can't be made by less invasive methods, a biopsy of nervous system is usually taken from the spinal cord or brain to aid in diagnosis. Biopsy id usually done when the mass id recognized by medical imaging. Biopsy is typically asked for after a mass is recognized by restorative imaging. With autopsies examinations, the primary work of the neuropathologist is to help in the post-mortem diagnosis of different conditions that influence the CNS (central nervous system) Biopsies can likewise comprise of the skin.

  • Track 10-1Amyloidosis
  • Track 10-2Vasculitis
  • Track 10-3Epidermal nerve fibre density
  • Track 10-4Neurosurgery
  • Track 10-5Peripheral neuropathies
  • Track 10-6Polymyositis
  • Track 10-7Nervous tissue biopsy
  • Track 10-8Neuropathy
  • Track 10-9Mitochondrial myopathy

Surgical pathology is the examination of tissues expelled from living patients during the surgery procedure to diagnose diseases & decide a treatment plan. The Surgical Pathologists provides administration in a wide variety of organ system & medical specialties. Surgical pathology incorporates both the physical exam of the tissue with the bare eye, and additionally analyzing handled tissue under a magnifying lens.

Surgical pathology is the most essential & important and tedious field of training for most anatomical pathologists. Surgical pathology incorporates microscopic examination of surgical examples, and likewise biopsies set up together by specialists and non-specialists, for example, general internists, restorative subspecialists, dermatologists, and interventional radiologists. The practice of pathology considers complete examination of infection in any case where tissue is precisely expelled from a patient. This is for the most part performed by a blend of naturally visible and minute examination of the tissue and may incorporate atomic properties of the tissues by immunohistochemistry or other research tests.

  • Track 11-1Lymph node biopsies
  • Track 11-2Adjuvant chemotherapy
  • Track 11-3DNA studies
  • Track 11-4Immunohistochemistry
  • Track 11-5Idiopathic disease
  • Track 11-6Muscle biopsies

Experimental pathology, otherwise called investigative pathology is the study of process of disease which forms through the microscopic or molecular examination of tissues, cells, organs, or body liquids from the diseased organisms.

Experimental Pathology will acquaint students with the practical methods used to understand the nature and cause of diseases.

Experimental Pathology is the consistent examination of perish systems through the Microscopic or nuclear examination of organs, tissues, cells, or body fluids from tainted living beings. It is solidly related, both evidently and in cutting-edge present-day settings, to the restorative field of pathology.

  • Track 12-1Emerging Pathogens
  • Track 12-2Nephrolithiasis
  • Track 12-3Stem cell research
  • Track 12-4Cancer Research
  • Track 12-5Autoimmunity
  • Track 12-6Coagulative Necrosis
  • Track 12-7Hemodynamics
  • Track 12-8Lipofuscin
  • Track 12-9Atrophy
  • Track 12-10Pyknosis
  • Track 12-11Caseous necrosis
  • Track 12-12Hemorheology

Digital Pathology is the part of pathology developed to study the image-based information environment which is generated by Computer technologies which allows the management of information generated from a digital slide. The practice is done to convert the glass slides into digital slides which is viewed, overseen, & analyzed on a computer screen. This innovation permits the administration of data produced from a computerized slide. This innovation is most promising amongst the most encouraging with the advent of Whole-Slide Imaging, the field of digital pathology has detonated as it is better, quicker and less expensive diagnosis, prognosis and expectation of tumor and other critical diseases.

Digital pathology is a dynamic, image-based condition that enables the management, acquisition & elucidation of pathology data produced from a digitized glass slide.

Digital pathology is rapidly gaining attention as a basic technology; with particular help for education, drug improvement, tissue-based research, and the act of human pathology all through the world. It is an advancement focused on the decrease of lab costs, an enhancement of operational effectiveness, upgraded efficiency, and enhancing treatment choices and patient care

Telepathology is the act of pathology at a distance. It utilizes broadcast communications innovation to encourage the transfer of image-rich pathology information between far off areas for the reasons for education, diagnosis & research. Execution of telepathology necessitates that a pathologist chooses the video pictures for investigation and the rendering of conclusions.

Diagnostic pathology is a term used to depict a wide number of research facility tests.  It insinuates the investigations of tissues gathered from the body under a magnifying lens to analyze or break down and pros call it, "pathology". In this sense, it might be used to delineate by looking the cells of the cervix after a Pap smear to check for affirmation of development or contamination. It might in like manner be used to depict taking an example at a case of skin tissue gathered on a biopsy to check for evidence of skin infection. There are an extensive variety of occupations for diagnostic pathology.

  • Track 13-1Image segmentation
  • Track 13-2Digital images
  • Track 13-3Virtual microscopy
  • Track 13-4Image analysis
  • Track 13-5Digital radiology
  • Track 13-6Whole-Slide Imaging

The Pediatric and Perinatal Pathology Department of Pathology centers around the investigation of the placenta, baby, and neonate.

Pediatric pathology is like histopathology, however inclined towards children. Many of the diseases present are unique in relation to diseases in adults, and a portion of the progressions can be sensitive. Pediatric pathology is based in specialist children’s hospitals which are tertiary referral focuses, so the extent of diseases is huge, and cases can be very challenging.

Perinatal pathology is the investigation of the baby and the infant. A perinatal pathologist is worried to have honed learning with ordinary fetal improvement, congenital abnormalities, and issues amid pregnancy, labour and early neonatal life.

  • Track 14-1Intrauterine growth restriction
  • Track 14-2Congenital anomalies
  • Track 14-3Pregnancy loss
  • Track 14-4Pediatric tumors
  • Track 14-5Infections, maternal/fetal conditions

The Head and Neck/Endocrine Pathology centers around mucosal and mesenchymal lesions of the upper aerodigestive tract and additionally lesions of the thyroid and parathyroid glands, orbit & eye and different locales.

Head and Neck Pathology gives comprehensive consultative expertise and administrations relating to the head & neck locales, including nasal sinuses & salivary glands.

The Head and Neck Pathology service gives far reaching diagnostic expertise and administrations identifying with the pathology of disorders of the head and neck regions including thyroid and parathyroid. Both surgical and cytopathology are accepted. Notwithstanding assessment by traditional histology or cytology, an assortment of specific immunological and atomic tests is routinely accessible.

  • Track 15-1Larynx & hypolarynx
  • Track 15-2Diseases of ear
  • Track 15-3Nasal cavity,nasopharynx & sinuses
  • Track 15-4Oral cavity, neck & tonsils
  • Track 15-5Major & Minor salivary glands

Microbial pathology is the investigation of the molecular processes utilized by microbes to cause sickness in humans & animals. Bacterial, plant, infectious agent pathogens, protozoan have developed a good type of tools to find out themselves inside the host and gain supplements that conjointly cause damage and sickness.

Microbial pathogenesis is the component by which distinctive organisms cause irresistible diseases in human body. It incorporates both cell and sub-atomic level interactions between the pathogens and the host tissue. These interactions prompt resistant reaction in the host body.

The Infectious Diseases Pathology Branch (IDPB) is the essential unit inside CDC in charge of directing research facility studies and examinations of irresistible sickness of unknown etiologies. Moreover, IDPB attempts to distinguish new or previously unrecognized pathogens.

Research inside the Infectious Disease center extents from investigations of pathogen structure and science to the examination of pathogenetic systems with regards to animals and cell culture models, and furthermore incorporates translational studies that associate these models to human diseases.

  • Track 16-1Bacteriology
  • Track 16-2Transmissible diseases
  • Track 16-3Microbial physiology
  • Track 16-4Mycology
  • Track 16-5Microbial pathogenesis
  • Track 16-6Virology
  • Track 16-7Applied microbiology

Dermatopathology is the investigation of cutaneous diseases at a microscopic level, which additionally includes considering potential reasons for skin, hair disorders & at the cellular level.

The subspecialty of dermatopathology is a mix of both dermatology (the conclusion and treatment of skin, hair and nail diseases) and pathology (identification of diseases microscopically). It likewise helps in investigating the skin illnesses at fundamental level.

Dermatologists perceive skin ailments dependent on their appearances and conduct. Extra particular testings are finished utilizing flow cytometry molecular-pathologic analysis & electron microscopy.

Dermatopathology cases may incorporate melanoma, and other skin issue; irresistible, immunologic & pediatric diseases.

Dermatopathologists give an individual, consultative support of your doctor, which incorporates investigating your therapeutic data related to perceptions through the magnifying instrument.

  • Track 17-1Skin histopathology
  • Track 17-2Molluscum contagiosum
  • Track 17-3Molecular-pathologic analysis
  • Track 17-4Immunologic diseases
  • Track 17-5Merkel cell carcinoma

Liver pathology manages the study of hepatic diseases which incorporates hepatitis infection, cirrhosis etc. Hepatic pathologists, radiologists are very great and deal with numerous sorts of Hepatic lesions. Liver involves the fundamental working in separating the blood from stomach related framework going all through the body parts. A portion of the infections can be transmitted during birth and furthermore through contact with the infected blood, for example, Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. About 75% are local liver biopsies or extractions, and the rest of transplant biopsies or explants.

Gastrointestinal pathology is the subspecialty of surgical pathology which manages the characterization & diagnosis of neoplastic and non-neoplastic diseases of the stomach related tract and adornment organs, for example, the pancreas and liver.

  • Track 18-1Centrilobular necrosis
  • Track 18-2Melena
  • Track 18-3Chronic hepatitis
  • Track 18-4Surgical pathology
  • Track 18-5Neoplasms and non- neoplasms
  • Track 18-6Hematemesis

Histopathology is the study & diagnosis of diseases of the tissues and includes inspecting tissues or cells under a magnifying lens. Histopathologists are in charge of making tissue analyses and helping clinicians deal with a patient's consideration.

Histopathologists give a diagnostic service for cancer; they handle the cells and tissues expelled from suspicious 'bumps & lumps', distinguish the idea of nature of the abnormality, if malignant, give data to the clinician about the cancer type, its review and, for a few cancers, its responsiveness to specific treatment.

Depending upon his or her training and primary work, referred as a histopathologist since medical experts who interpret & study diseased tissue in microscopic detail are histopathologists.

Histopathologists are medicinal experts who have vast information and knowledge of the clinical & pathology aspects of diseases. They work with an extensive variety of patients and therapeutic conditions and in addition with numerous other medical experts who have aptitude in related controls, and also with a regularly expanding extent and unpredictability of advances including some medical imaging equipment for example, electron microscopes.

Cytopathology is the diagnosis of diseases at the cellular level. "Cyto" alludes to cell and "pathology" to sickness.
Cytopathology is a diagnostic strategy that studies cells from different body sites to decide the reason or the nature of diseases. The principal cytopathology test created was the Pap test which has been generally used over the most recent 50 years for screening and diagnosing of cervical tumor and its forerunners. The Pap test is viewed as the best screening test in medicinal history.
Cytopathology is the utilization of master symptomatic strategies to inspect singular cells separated from tissues to decide the reason and nature of diseases.

  • Track 19-1Cytocentrifugation
  • Track 19-2Exfoliative cytology
  • Track 19-3Cancer diagnosis
  • Track 19-4Exfoliative cytopathology
  • Track 19-5Aspiration cytology

Molecular pathology is the diagnosis & study of diseases through the examination of molecules inside tissues, organs or bodily fluids. Molecular pathology imparts a few parts of training to both anatomic pathology and clinical pathology, molecular science, natural chemistry, proteomics and genetics, and is some of the time considered a "crossover "discipline. It is multi-disciplinary in nature and it focus on the sub-microscopic parts of disease.

Molecular pathology is commonly utilized in determination of infectious diseases & cancer. Methods are various yet incorporate DNA microarray, multiplex PCR, in situ RNA sequencing, DNA sequencing, molecular profiling of pathogens, quantitative polymerase chain response (qPCR), in situ hybridization, antibody-based immunofluorescence tissue assays, and analysis of bacterial genes for antimicrobial resistance. It envelops the advancement of genetic and molecular approaches to deal with the classification & diagnosis of human diseases, the susceptibility of individuals of different genetic constitution to develop disorders, the design and validation of predictive biomarkers for treatment response and disease progression.

  • Track 20-1Hemochromatosis
  • Track 20-2Prognosis
  • Track 20-3Inherited genetic disorders
  • Track 20-4Cystic fibrosis
  • Track 20-5Hematolymphoid malignancies

The expression "psychopathology" essentially alludes to the scientific study of mental illness and can contribute or be relevant to such disorders. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) guides the determination of mental health.

The assurance of emotional wellness conditions is guided by The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), which recognizes the criteria that must be available all together for psychological well-being experts to go to a particular determination.

Reasons for mental disarranges may fall under different classes, for example, genetic, psychological or social. The field likewise analyzes mental conditions over the life expectancy, formative stages and indications, looking at the medications that are powerful in treating different appearances.

Psychopathology is the logical investigation of the idea of infection and its causes, procedures, advancement, and outcomes. While making an analysis, there are four subjects, or variations from the norm, that are considered. These subjects are known as "The Four D's." They are dysfunction, deviance, anger & distress. These four criteria characterize the idea of variation from the abnormality.

  • Track 21-1Neuroscience
  • Track 21-2Criminology
  • Track 21-3Distress
  • Track 21-4Danger
  • Track 21-5Deviance
  • Track 21-6Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Track 21-7Mental illness
  • Track 21-8Dysfunction
  • Track 21-9Epidemiology

Renal biopsies are assessed routinely by the three modalities of light microscopy, immunofluorescence microscopy, and electron microscopy. Study of tissues for disease biomarkers are performed in few and selected cases.

Renal Pathology is a sub-specialty of anatomic pathology and thus deals with the kidney diagnosis.  Renal Pathologists, Nephrologists and transplant surgeons closely work together in the diagnosis of renal system. They all together obtain diagnostic which indicate percutaneous renal biopsy.

Renal ailment may influence the glomerulus, tubules and vessels. The renal pathologist study findings from light microscopy, electron microscopy to obtain diagnosis. Renal disease may affect the glomerulus, tubules and vessels

The essential organs of the urinary system are the kidneys, which are bean-formed organs that are found just beneath the rib confine amidst the back. The kidneys expel urea squander item shaped by the breakdown of proteins from the blood through little sifting units called nephrons. Every nephron comprises of a ball framed of little blood vessels, called a glomerulus, and a little tube called a renal tubule. Urea, together with water and other waste substances, forms the urine as it flows through the nephrons and down the renal tubules of the kidney. It results into Proliferation, migration, cell differentiation and also induction.

Analysis of these describes about the abnormalities caused in Kidneys & Urinary Tract Pathology.

  • Track 22-1Condyloma acuminatum
  • Track 22-2Vascular Diseases
  • Track 22-3Infectious diseases
  • Track 22-4Tubular Diseases
  • Track 22-5Neoplasia
  • Track 22-6Cystic diseases
  • Track 22-7Foetal & congenital anomalies
  • Track 22-8Flomerular diseases
  • Track 23-1Unexpected association between diseases or symptoms
  • Track 23-2Variations in disease processes
  • Track 23-3Pathogenesis of a disease
  • Track 23-4Neuro-muscular pathology
  • Track 23-5Biomedical research
  • Track 23-6Gastrointestinal pathology
  • Track 23-7Phenotyping core
  • Track 23-8Translational potential
  • Track 23-9Hematopoiesis
  • Track 23-10Leukemia
  • Track 23-11Molluscum contagiosum
  • Track 23-12Immunologic diseases
  • Track 23-13Merkel cell carcinoma
  • Track 23-14Neoplastic & non-neoplastic diseases
  • Track 23-15Plant Physiology
  • Track 23-16Meteorology
  • Track 23-17Resection and biopsy reviews